This is the original oil painting, size 30″ x 19″. It’s framed, after purchase, we will contact you for the additional postage cost
How did white slaves in Africa fare?
Similar to their African counterparts in the United States, barbarian slaves endured harsh living conditions, hard labor, and meager nutrition. White slaves could, however, frequently free themselves from slavery by converting to Islam and settling in North Africa.
Barbary pirates took slaves from European ships and coastal cities from Italy to the Netherlands, as far north as Iceland, and as far east as the Mediterranean. There was a lot of piracy in the eastern Mediterranean during the Ottoman era.